Stroke occurs when the brain is deprived with nutrients it needed to sustain life. These nutrients are carried by the blood and its flow can be stopped through the following mechanism:

  • A blocked artery that delivers oxygen to the brain. This is referred to as an ischemic stroke and is the most common form of stroke.
  • A ruptured blood flow in the brain. This is considered an attack of hemorrhagic stroke.

As a result, the brain does not provide adequate oxygen or nutrients and cells of the brain begin to die off. Many people die as a result of a stroke, many make a complete recovery, and others are left with permanent damage, restricting their voice, mobility, eyesight, or limbs. Strokes can be avoided to a large extent.

Signs and Symptoms

You may have a “mini-stroke” in the days leading up to it before you have a stroke. Generally these are caused by a temporary clot of blood. The symptoms are the same as a stroke, except from a few minutes to a few hours they last only a short time. Mini-strokes do not cause permanent brain damage.

Not everyone with a mini-stroke will get a stroke, but many will, and it’s a warning that there might be a problem with your brain’s blood supply.
You can feel all or some of these signs when you’re having a stroke (or mini-stroke):

  • Sudden numbness in the neck, arm, or leg, usually only on one side of the body.
  • Confusion, difficulties in expressing or knowing what is being said.
  • Having difficulties with blurred vision.
  • Walking disruption, lack of balance and coordination.

Risk Factors

  • The main cause of strokes is to have high blood pressure.
  • People who smoke, are overweight, or do little exercise may have a stroke.
  • The risk of stroke can also be hereditary. If someone has had a stroke in your household, the chances are growing.
  • Among people over 65 years of age, 75% of strokes occur.
  • More men than women had strokes.

Tests to be Done

Consider talking to your physician if you have high blood pressure or family history of stroke.
Then go to the hospital if you suspect you’ve had a mini-stroke. Your doctor will inquire about your conditions, past of your health, and lifestyle. We will listen to your heart, measure your blood pressure, and give you to monitor your cholesterol levels for a blood test. You may be sent to locate a blockage or damage to the brain for a CT scan or ultrasound. An ECG may also be scheduled for the doctor to track your heart rhythm and an x-ray chest to check your pulse and blood flow.

Treatment

You may need a variety of medications based on the cause and severity of your stroke and the resulting conditions:

  • Medications that regulate the flow of blood and prevents it from clotting, and supplements for men to keep your body strong and healthy.
  • Changes of diet to keep your blood pressure in check.
  • Surgery to re-open the arteries affected. To hold the artery open to increase blood flow, a stent may be implanted.
  • Rehabilitation to better improve speech, balance and mobility with a team of health professionals.